语言的基础

语言的基础

图书基本信息
出版时间:2011-1-18
出版社:外语教学与研究出版社
作者:Ray Jackendoff
页数:477
书名:语言的基础
封面图片
语言的基础
内容概要
《语言的基础——大脑、意义、语法和演变》是Jackendoff多年来有关语言理论基础和理论研究模式的集大成。
《语言的基础——大脑、意义、语法和演变》是有关语言的理论基础和理论研究模式的集大成之作,融汇了心理学、神经科学、生物学、哲学以及生物进化论等相关研究领域的成果,在评价乔姆斯基关于普遍语法的种种观点之余.提出了语言处理的平行构架观作为人脑存储和处理语言的基本理论框架,为我们理解语言和交际,尤其是认识语法、词汇、语言习得、语言的起源以及语言和思维与真实世界的关系等提供了一个崭新的视角。
书籍目录
Preface
Acknowledgments
PART 1PSYCHOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS
1The Complexity of Linguistic Structure
1.1 A sociological problem
1.2 The structure of a simple sentence
1.3 Phonological structure
1.4 Syntactic structure
1.5 Semantic/conceptual and spatial structure
1.6 Connecting the levels
1.7 Anaphora and unbounded dependencies
2Language as a Mental Phenomenon
2.1 What do we mean by "mental" ?
2.2 How to interpret linguistic notation mentally
2.3 Knowledge of language
2.4 Competence versus performance
2.5 Language in a social context (all too
briefly)
3Combinatoriality
3.1 The need for an f-mental grammar
3.2 Some types of rule
3.2.1 Formation rules and typed
variables
3.2.2 Derivational (transformational)
rules
3.2.3 Constraints
3.3 Lexical rules
3.3.1 Lexical formation rules
3.3.2 Lexical redundancy rules
3.3.3 Inheritance hierarchies
3.4 What are rules of grammar?
3.5 Four challenges for cognitive neuroscience
3.5.1 The massiveness of the binding
problem
3.5.2 The Problem of 2
3.5.3 The problem of variables
3.5.4 Binding in working memory vs.
long-term memory
4 Universal Grammar
4.1 The logic of the argument
4.2 Getting the hypothesis right
4.3 Linguistic universals
4.4 Substantive universals, repertoire of rule types,
and architectural universals
4.5 The balance of linguistic and more general
capacities
4.6 The poverty of the stimulus; the Paradox of
Language Acquisition
4.7 Poverty of the stimulus in word learning
4.8 How Universal Grammar can be related to
genetics
4.9 Evidence outside ,linguistic structure for
Universal Grammar/Language Acquisition Device
4.9.1 Species-specificity
4.9.2 Characteristic timing of
acquisition
4.9.3 Dissociations
4.9.4 Language creation
4.10 Summary of factors'involved in the theory of
Universal Grammar
PART ⅡARCHITECTURAL FOUNDATIONS
5 The Parallel Architecture
5.1 Introduction to Part Ⅱ
5.2 A short history of syntactocentrism
5.3 Tiers and interfaces in phonology
5.4 Syntax and phonology
5.5 Semantics as a generative system
5.6 The tripartite theory and some variants
5.7 The lexicon and lexical licensing
5.8 Introduction to argument structure
5.9 How much of syntactic argument structure can be
predicted from semantics?
5.9.1 Number of syntactic arguments
5.9.2 Category of syntactic arguments
5.9.3 Position of syntactic
~irguments
5.9.4 Locality of syntactic arguments, and
exceptions
5.10 A tier for grammatical functions?
6 Lexical Storage versus Online Construction
6.1 Lexical items versus words
6.2 Lexical items smaller than words
6.2.1 Productive morphology
6.2.2 Semiproductive morphology
6.2.3 The necessity of a heterogeneous
theory
6.3 Psycholinguistic considerations
6.4 The status of lexical redundancy rules
6.5 Idioms
6.6 A class of construetion~il idioms
6.7 Generalizing the notion of construction
6.8 The status of inheritance hierarchies
6.9 Issues of acquisition
6.10 Universal Grammar as a set of attractors
6.11 Appendix: Remarks on HPSG and Construction
Grammar
7 Implications for Processing
7.1 The parallel competence architecture forms a basis
for a processing architecture
7.2 How the competence model can constrain theories of
processing
7.3 Remarks on working memory
7.4 More about lexical access
7.4.1 Lexical access in perception
7.4.2 Priming
7.4.3 Lexical access in production
7.4.4 Speech errors and tip-of-the-tongue
states
7.4.5 Syntactic priming
7.5 Structure-constrained modularity
7.5.1 Fodor's view and an alternative
7.5.2 Interface modules are how integrative
modules talk to each other
7.5.3 The "bi-domain specificity" of
interface modules
7.5.4 Multiple inputs and outputs on the
same "blackboard"
7.5.5 Informational encapsulation among
levels of structure
8 An Evolutionary Perspective on the Architecture~
8.1 The dialectic
8.2 Bickerton's proposal and auxiliary
assumptions
8.3 The use of symbols
8.4 Open class of symbols
8.5 A generative system for single symbols:
proto-phonology
8.6 Concatenation of symbols to build larger
utterances
8.7 Using linear position to signal semantic
relations
8.8 Phrase structure
8.9 Vocabulary for relational concepts
8.10 Grammatical categories and ,the "basic body plan"
of syntax
8.11 Morphology and grammatical functions
8.12 Universal Grammar as a toolkit again
PART Ⅲ SEMANTIC AND CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS
9 Semantics as a Mentalistic Enterprise
9.1 Introduction to part III,
9.2 Semantics vis-a-vis mainstream generative
grammar
9.3 Meaning and its interfaces
9.4 Chomsky and Fodor on semantics
9.5 Some "contextualist" approaches to meaning
9.6 Is there a specifically linguistic semantics?
9.7 Four non-ways to separate linguistic semantics from
conceptualization
9.7.1 Semantics = "dictionary"; pragmatics
= "encyclopedia"
9.7.2 Logical vs. nonlogical semantic
properties
9.7.3 Grammatically realized vs.
grammatically irrelevant content
9.7.4 Language-specific semantics implying
a special linguistic semantics
10 Reference and Truth
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Problems with the common-sense view:
"language"
10.3 Problems with the common-sense view:
"objects"
10.4 Pushing "the world" into the mind
10.5 A simple act of deictic reference
10.6 The functional correlates of consciousness
10.7 Application to theory of reference
10.8 Entities other than objects
10.9 Proper names, kinds, and abstract objects
10.9.1 Proper names
10.9.2 Kinds
10.9.3 Abstract objects
10.10 Satisfaction and truth
10.11 Objectivity, error, and the role of the
community
11 Lexical Semantics
11.1 Boundary conditions on theories of lexical
meaning
11.2 The prospects for decomposition into
primitives
11.3 Polysemy
11.4 Taxonomic structure
11.5 Contributions from perceptual modalities
11.6 Other than necessary and sufficient
conditions
11.6.1 Categories with graded
boundaries
11.6.2 "Cluster" concepts
11.7 The same abstract organization in many semantic
fields
11.8 Function-argument structure across semantic
fields
11.8.1 Some basic state- and
event-functions
11.8.2 Building verb meanings
11.9Qualia structure: characteristic
activities and purposes
11.10Dot objects
11. 11Beyond
12 Phrasal Semantics
12.1 Simple composition
12.1.1 Argument satisfaction
12.1.2 Modification
12.1.3 Lambda extraction and variable
binding
12.1.4 Parallels in lexical semantics
12.2 Enriched composition
12.3 The referential tier
12.4 Referential dependence and referential
frames
12.5 The information structure (topic/focus) tier
12.6 Phrasal semantics and Universal Grammar
12.7 Beyond: discourse, conversation, narrative
13 Concluding Remarks
References
Index
编辑推荐
  当代语言学通常分为两大阵营:形式主义和功能主义。两者的哲学基础?工作假设都有较大的分歧。不过,把两者结合得最好的,莫过于美国语言学家R.Jackendoff。他30多年的研究跨越了生成语言学和认知语言学,涉猎甚广,重点围绕自然语言的意义系统而展开,即语义是如何与人类的概念系统相关联的,语言中概念是如何表达的。他对传统哲学问题中推理和指称进行的思考体现在他的概念语义学(conceptUal semantics)中。  《语言的基础:大脑、意义、语法和演变》是Jackendoff多年来有关语言理论基础和理论研究模式的集大成,是对转换一生成语法理论的继承和发展。全书共13章?分三大部分:心理和生理基础(1~4章);构造基础(5~8章);语义和概念基础(9~13章)。
图书标签Tags
语言学,语法,经典著作
下载链接

语言的基础下载

评论与打分
  •     本书通俗易懂的讲解了语言学特别是语义学的相关内容,对于语言语法研究者十分有帮助,同时对于计算机专业自然语言处理领域的研究也同样有很大的帮助。
  •     文库的这些书,都是经典著作,值得一读
  •     算是本经典著作
    就是写的有点晦涩
    不是很简单的那种英语
    如果英语不是很好或者没有语言学基础
    还是建议先看其他的书
  •     很不错的书,中医精髓
  •     如果看英文版觉得难的话,法学必读
  •     读完是个艰巨的任务……,可惜我现在还理解不透彻啊
  •     你是人大的老师?,但是应该是原版英文
  •     书的内容和装帧都不错,这本书的印刷
  •     只是总体做一个参考性质,不易保存
  •     丰富自己的知识,书的封皮下角有破损
  •     质量也不错,而且很有收藏价值
  •     能有个书签就更不错了!,带注译的方便阅读和理解含义。
  •     价格偏高,还没认真仔细读呢
  •     语用学的操纲之作!,希望加个书签。
  •     一本好书,和图片上一样
  •     对于理解这一时期的语法研究有重要帮助。,挺好的
  •     觉得书的内容不错,适合给大人看
  •     但是书感觉很精致,给传统文化的传播做了一件好事。
  •     非常好,总体来说还行。
  •     全本,编写的很合理^^
  •     比较系统,还没开始看
  •     感觉挺好的表达也还可以,比较基础的理论性著作
  •     东西很好,是本好书。