With a long history and rich connotation, Chinese geographical names culture is crowned as national treasure.Ancient geographical names feature the rare recorded history of civilization extending for 5,000 yearscontinuously. To protect this precious cultural heritage, China Institute of Toponymy and Chinese Division ofUnited Nations Group of Experts on the Geographical Names （UNGEGN） launched the Protection Project ofChina Geographical Names Cultural Heritage. According to the guidelines and principles of the world culturalheritage protection, these relevant organizations conducted researches on China geographical names and workedout the Master Plan for Protection Project of China Geographical Names Cultural Heritage. All these are ofpractical significance to the protection of China geographical names cultural heritage and China's declaration ofthe geographical names for world intangible cultural heritage.Liu Baoquan, Chairman of the Chinese division of UNGEGN, attended the 9th United Nations Conference on theStandardization of the Geographical Names in August, 2007. He informed us that the conference had recognizedgeographical names as the intangible cultural heritage, which complies with the principle of the Convention onProtection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. We were all happy with it.Beijing is one of the most ancient, historical and cultural capital cities in the world. Hutong names culture isan important part of the unique history and culture in Beijing. Over the past few years, great achievementshave been made in the activities of researching Beijing Hutong names and in protecting geographical namescultural heritage nationwide. All these have laid a solid foundation for China's declaration of Beijing Hutongnames intangible cultural heritage. As a member of the Chinese group of experts on protection of geographicalnames cultural heritage, and advisor of China Institute of Toponymy, I would like to do my contribution to theprotection of China geographical names cultural heritage with my colleagues.I am sure that the compilation and publishing of the book entitled Beijing Hutong are of great significancein the protection and salvage of Beijing Hutongs and the cultural heritage with artistic and scientific researchvalue. Protection of Hutong names is a way of protecting cultural heritage, serving as a great contribution tothe preservation of valuable research materials when the cultural entity can not be preserved although it can notreplace the cultural entity. The publishing of this book is bound to play an active role in the popularization ofChinese culture, scientific researches, development of local and regional culture and flourishing of tourism.
According to the guidelines and principles of the world culturalheritage protection， these relevant organizations conducted researches on China geographical names and workedout the Master Plan for Protection Project of China Geographical Names Cultural Heritage. All these are ofpractical significance to the protection of China geographical names cultural heritage and Chinas declaration ofthe geographical names for world intangible cultural heritage.
PrefaceForeword：Beijing Hutong Name Cultural Legacy protectionunderwayChapter one the Origin of Beijing Hutong Section one Mysterious Origin of Beijin“Hutong” The oldest books about Huton’S collection andintroduction “衚衕”is the phonetic change of“衚衕”in thesouth “衚衕”is the dialectof“衚衕”in the south The usage of“衚衕” The character of“衚衕”before Ming dynasty is“衚衕”inChinese The comparison of the“Huton”character in ancientliterature of Yuan dynasty and Ming dynasty：“胡洞”was found inancient literature of Yuan dynasty while 衚衕in Ming dynasty The word“Huton”originated from“Hong(alley)”inHan dynasty In Liao and Jin periodthe characterof“Huton”(“衚衕”)is popular in the Northern China The rapid development of Hutong in Ming dynastyrelated with the pronunciation “Hong”of alleys in Hart dynasty Section two Naming ofBeijing Capital naming City gate name City lane’s name Section three Assortment of Hutong Names Names after temples Names after animals Names after trees Names after camps Names after bridges Names after wells Names after storehouse(Cang Ku in Chinese) Names after steles(Bei in Chinese) Names after entities with high recognition andsymbolizationChapter two History and Evolvement of Beijing Hutong Section one Evolvement of Beijing City Structure in History andForming ofHutong Layout of Dadu in the Yuan dynasty Old Beijing Hutongs Section two Huton’S Vicissitude Variance of Hutong form Variance of Hutong grade Continuation and inheritance of o dd BeijingHutong and geographical name culture Section three About Early Hutongs in Beijin Threshold of Beijing geography Thousand syear-old path inJiqiu Origin ofSouth Garden Sichuan Ying(Camp)——to commemorate a femalegeneral Jiaochang Toutiao t Tia—initiation placeof China’s modernism Compatible area of various religions Famous Dashiler Section four Beijing Platform Bridge Geographical NameCulture and Folk CustomsChapter three Siheyuan in Hutong Section one Proper Protection of“Huton—Siheyuan”In OldCity Protection measures Section two Hutong and Siheyuan Component cell ofHuton—Siheyuan Siheyuan and Chinese traditional etiquettesystem Assortment of Siheyuan Courtyard gate of Siheyuan Section three Beijing Siheyuan Construction Layout andCultural Spirit Erlitou Jiugongge About main room ……Chapter four Typical Hutong Preserved TodayChapter five Old Stories of HutongChapter six Former Residence of Celebrities In HutongsChapter seven Hutong StuffPostscriptRemarks of the AuthorReference Material
外语类PDF免费下载云头图书网 @ 2017