英语学习者口语交际能力研究

英语学习者口语交际能力研究

图书基本信息
出版时间:2009-10
出版社:上海交通大学出版社
作者:甄凤超
页数:270
字数:335000
书名:英语学习者口语交际能力研究
封面图片
英语学习者口语交际能力研究
前言
  对于把英语作为外语的学习者来说,其他产出性或接受性语言能力(如写作能力、阅读能力等)的提高未必能保证口语交际能力的提高,原因是口语交际能力除了发音技巧之外,还包含使用交互策略等能力。然而,同阅读、写作以及词汇学习等研究相比,对于学习者口语的研究还较欠缺,主要是由于口语交际属于瞬息性活动,并且难以保证学习者口语交际样本数据的有效性。此外,研究者通常把研究书面语的模式应用到对口语语料的研究中。学习者英语口语语料库的开发为研究学习者的口语提供了大量真实语料。本书基于“大学学习者英语口语语料库”(College Learners’Spoken English Corpus,简称COLSEC),试图从定量和定性的角度分析中国学习者的英语口语特征。  基于前人的理论和实证研究,本书假设学习者的英语口语交际能力同他们的总体语言能力水平呈正相关,并包括以下主要成分:图式知识、语言能力、语用能力和策略能力。语言能力,作为学习者一种较为隐合的知识结构,不仅包括语音、词汇和语法知识,还包括预构成语块的知识。预构成语块作为词汇与语法的结合体,其使用更加符合口语交际的特点。此外,图式知识的测量需要精密的心理试验,本书不可能做详细考察。语料库关键词提取的方法可以考查学生部分图式知识的词语表现。因此,本书重点考察口语交际能力中的四种重要成分:使用预构成语块的能力、通过目的语运用图式知识的能力、语用能力和策略能力。主要研究问题包括:该四种能力如何影响学习者的口语交际?不同口语交际能力水平的学习者在四种能力方面的表现有何异同?学习者英语口语具有什么显著特征?本书采取分层随机抽样的方法,从COLSEC中提出150名学习者的英语口语语料,并按照大学英语考试口语成绩的高低将他们分为A、B和C三组,分别代表三种不同的口语交际能力水平。本书重点考察三组学习者在四个能力方面的异同,进而发现他们的英语口语特征。
内容概要
本书从语料库语言学角度,着重探讨了中国学习者英语口语交际能力的四个重要成分:使用预构成语块的能力、通过目的语运用图式知识的能力、语用能力和策略能力。基于“大学学习者英语口语语料库”,本书从上述四个纬度对比分析了不同口语交际能力水平的学习者之间及与英语母语者之间的差异,发现中国学习者英语口语的特征和问题。书中所提出的观点、概念、方法以及研究发现为学习者英语研究、二语习得研究、外语教学研究提供了有价值的信息。
书籍目录
Chapter
1
Introduction 1.1
Motivations
for
the
book 1.2
Research
objectives 1.3
Outline
of
the
bookChapter
2
Critical
Discussion
of
the
Previous
Studies
on
Learner
Language 2.1
Changes
in
current
linguistic
and
SLA
research 2.2
Main
features
of
CLC
data 2.3
Methodological
approaches
to
CLC
research
2.4
Studies
based
on
learner
corpora
2.5
Conversation
analysis
2.6
Communicative
competence
2.7
ConclusionChapter
3
Defining
Oral
Communicative
Ability
3.1
Features
of
oral
communication
3.2
Accuracy,
fluency
and
appropriacy
3.3
Four
essential
components
3.4
ConclusionChapter
4
Research
Methodology
4.1
The
COLSEC
4.2
The
data
in
the
book
4.3
Methods
for
data
extraction
and
processing
4.4
SummaryChapter
5
Findings
and
Analysis
(1):Productive
Vocabulary
Size
and
the
Ability
to
Use
PCsChapter
6
Findings
and
Analysis
(2):the
Ability
to
Manipulate
SchemataChapter
7
Findings
and
Analysis
(3):Pragmatic
Competence
and
Strategic
CompetenceChapter
8
ConclusionAppendicesReferences
章节摘录
  Another
example
is
An
Automated
Approach
to
the
Phrasicon
of
EEL
Learners
by
Cock,
Granger,
Leech&McEnery
(1998).
It
is
commonly
observed
that
although
the
language
produced
by
advanced
learners
is
largely
free
of
errors,
it
remains
foreign
sounding.
A
reasonable
hypothesis
made
by
Kjellmer
(1991)
is
that
in
learners
production
the
building
material
is
individual
bricks
(words)
rather
than
prefabricated
sections
(lexicalized
phrases).
In
other
words,
the
learners
primarily
operate
on
the
"open-choice
principle"
rather
than
the
"idiom
principle"
(Sinclair,
1991).
There
is
a
growing
consensus
among
many
researchers
that
prefabricated
expressions
rather
than
individual
words
play
a
predominant
role
in
the
production
of
both
written
and
spoken
language.
NSs
heavily
rely
on
prefabs
particularly
in
oral
production
unfolding
in
real
time.
As
Granger
(1998)
puts
it,
"this
reliance
allows
speakers
to
play
for
time,
enabling
them
to
speak
without
too
much
hesitation
or
too
many
pauses
and
consequently
to
avoid
too
much
non-fluency"
(p.
67).
Cock
et
al.
(1998)
use
a
matched
set
of
25
transcribed
learner
(French)
and
NS
university
admission
interviews
to
examine
the
spoken
phrasicon
of
adult
advanced
EFL
learners
to
validate
Kjellmer
s
hypothesis.
They
use
McEnery
s
automatic
phrase
extraction
program
Tuples
to
extract
all
recurrent
word
combinations
of
a
given
length
and
frequency
in
the
two
corpora.
Tuples
output
is
thus
two
long
lists
of
all
the
recurrent
phrases
in
the
two
corpora
accompanied
by
counts
and
basic
statistics.
This
study
reveals
a
striking
finding
that
these
advanced
EFL
learners
of
French
MT
do
use
prefabs,
and
in
some
cases
even
more
prefabs
than
English
NS.
This
finding
to
some
extent
goes
against
Kjellmer
s
hypothesis.
However,
what
distinguishes
the
learners
from
the
NSs
is
the
small
number
of
prefabs
these
learners
have
at
their
disposal
and
the
extent
to
which
these
prefabs
are
used
and
overused.
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